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Rct 436 torrent

Опубликовано 24.01.2020, автор: Yosar

rct 436 torrent

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The resulting high aspect ratio nanochannel morphologies can be converted into crystalline SnO2 by high temperature annealing and show highly promising H2 sensing properties. This excellent gas-sensing performance is ascribed to the advanced structure, characterized by a crack-free, straight and top-open nanochannel geometry. Force measurements on natural membrane nanovesicles reveal a composition-independent, high Young's modulus Nanoscale 6, 4 , Mechanical properties of nano-sized vesicles made up of natural membranes are crucial to the development of stable, biocompatible nanocontainers with enhanced functional, recognition and sensing capabilities.

Surprisingly enough, the results are approximately similar for plasma and inner membrane nanovesicles, in spite of their different lipid compositions, especially on what concerns the ergosterol content. These results point towards an important structural role of membrane proteins in the mechanical response of natural membrane vesicles and open the perspective to their potential use as robust nanocontainers for bioapplications. Lagunas, A. Large-scale dendrimer-based uneven nanopatterns for the study of local arginine-glycine-aspartic acid RGD density effects on cell adhesion Nano Research , 7, 3 , Cell adhesion processes are governed by the nanoscale arrangement of the extracellular matrix ECM , being more affected by local rather than global concentrations of cell adhesive ligands.

In many cell-based studies, grafting of dendrimers on surfaces has shown the benefits of the local increase in concentration provided by the dendritic configuration, although the lack of any reported surface characterization has limited any direct correlation between dendrimer disposition and cell response.

In order to establish a proper correlation, some control over dendrimer surface deposition is desirable. Here, dendrimer nanopatterning has been employed to address arginine-glycine-aspartic acid RGD density effects on cell adhesion. Nanopatterned surfaces were fully characterized by atomic force microscopy AFM , scanning tunneling microscopy STM and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy XPS , showing that tunable distributions of cell adhesive ligands on the surface are obtained as a function of the initial dendrimer bulk concentration.

Cell experiments showed a clear correlation with dendrimer surface layout: Substrates presenting regions of high local ligand density resulted in a higher percentage of adhered cells and a higher degree of maturation of focal adhesions FAs. Therefore, dendrimer nanopatterning is presented as a suitable and controlled approach to address the effect of local ligand density on cell response.

Moreover, due to the easy modification of dendrimer peripheral groups, dendrimer nanopatterning can be further extended to other ECM ligands having density effects on cells. Keywords: Arginine-glycine-aspartic acid , Atomic force microscopy , Cell adhesion , Dendrimer , Focal adhesions , Scanning tunneling microscopy. In bone regeneration, silicon-based calcium phosphate glasses Bioglasses have been widely used since the s.

In this work, we propose a new generation of hybrid organically modified glasses, ormoglasses, that enable the levels of silicon to be reduced, therefore speeding up the degradation process. These mats offered a good platform to evaluate different calcium release rates as osteogenic promoters in an in vivo subcutaneous environment. They also showed a greater ability to form blood vessels. These results suggest that Si-based ormoglasses can be considered an efficient tool for calcium release modulation, which could play a key role in the angiogenic promoting process.

After structural, topographical, electrochemical, and thermal characterization, properties typically related with biomedical applications have been investigated: swelling, resistance to both hydrolytic and enzymatic degradation, biocompatibility, and adsorption of type I collagen, which is an extra cellular matrix protein that binds fibronectin favoring cell adhesion processes.

Moreover, the degradation of the blends is considerably promoted by the presence of enzymes in the hydrolytic medium, TPU:P3TMA blends behaving as biodegradable materials. Type I collagen adsorption largely depends on the substrate employed to support the nanomembrane, whereas it is practically independent of the chemical nature of the polymeric material used to fabricate the nanomembrane. However, detailed microscopy study of the morphology and topography of adsorbed collagen evidence the formation of different organizations, which range from fibrils to pseudoregular honeycomb networks depending on the composition of the nanomembrane that is in contact with the protein.

Keywords: Bioactive platform , Biodegradable blend , Collaged adsorption , Scaffolds , Tissue engineering , Ultrathin films. Navarro, S. Generation of iPSCs from genetically corrected Brca2 hypomorphic cells: Implications in cell reprogramming and stem cell therapy Stem Cells , 32, 2 , Our results are consistent with previous studies proposing that HDR is critical for cell reprogramming and demonstrate that reprogramming defects characteristic of Brca2 mutant cells can be efficiently overcome by gene complementation.

Keywords: Bone marrow aplasia , Cellular therapy , Fanconi anemia , Gene therapy , Hematopoietic stem cells , Induced pluripotent stem cells. Tahirbegi, I. In vivo ischemia monitoring array for endoscopic surgery Biosensors and Bioelectronics 61, An array with all-solid-state, potentiometric, miniaturized sensors for pH and potassium was developed to be introduced into the stomach or other sectors of the digestive tract by means of flexible endoscopy.

These sensors perform continuous and simultaneous measurement of extracellular pH and potassium. This detection seeks to sense ischemia in the gastric mucosa inside the stomach, an event indicative of local microvascular perfusion and tissue oxygenation status. Our array is proposed as a medical tool to identify the occurrence of the ischemia after gastrointestinal or gastroesophageal anastomosis. The stability and feasibility of the miniaturized working and reference electrodes integrated in the array were studied under in vitro conditions, and the behavior of the potassium and pH ion-selective membranes were optimized to work under acidic gastric conditions with high concentrations of HCl.

The array was tested in vivo in pigs to measure the ischemia produced by clamping the blood flow into the stomach. Our results indicate that ischemic and reperfusion states can be sensed in vivo and that information on tissue damage can be collected by this sensor array.

The device described here provides a miniaturized, inexpensive, and mass producible sensor array for detecting local ischemia caused by unfavorable anastomotic perfusion and will thus contribute to preventing anastomotic leakage and failure caused by tissue necrosis.

Paytubi, S. A novel role for antibiotic resistance plasmids in facilitating Salmonella adaptation to non-host environments Environmental Microbiology , 16, 4 , It is believed that the main role of plasmids that encode multiple antibiotic resistance is to confer their hosts the ability to survive in the presence of antimicrobial compounds. In the pathogenic bacterium Salmonella, plasmids of the incompatibility group HI1 account for a significant proportion of antibiotic resistance phenotypes.

In this work, we show that plasmid R27 has a strong impact on the global transcriptome of SalmonellaTyphimurium strain SL when cells grow at low temperature and enter the stationary phase. Down-regulated genes include pathogenicity islands, anaerobic respiration and metabolism determinants. Up-regulated genes include factors involved in the response to nutrient starvation, antimicrobial resistance, iron metabolism and the heat shock response. Accordingly, cells harbouring R27 are more resistant to heat shock than plasmid-free cells.

The use of a different IncHI1 plasmid, pHCM1, provided evidence that these plasmids facilitate adaptation of Salmonella to environmental conditions outside their host s. This is consistent with the fact that conjugative transfer of IncHI1 plasmids only occurs at low temperature. A significant number of the Rdependent alterations in gene expression could be correlated with expression of a plasmid-encoded orthologue of the global modulator H-NS, which is up-regulated when cells grow at low temperature.

Marques, J. Application of heparin as a dual agent with antimalarial and liposome targeting activities toward Plasmodium-infected red blood cells Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine 10, 8 , Heparin had been demonstrated to have antimalarial activity and specific binding affinity for Plasmodium-infected red blood cells pRBCs vs. Here we have explored if both properties could be joined into a drug delivery strategy where heparin would have a dual role as antimalarial and as a targeting element of drug-loaded nanoparticles.

Confocal fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy data show that after Heparin electrostatically adsorbed onto positively charged liposomes containing the cationic lipid 1,2-dioleoyltrimethylammonium-propane and loaded with the antimalarial drug primaquine was capable of increasing three-fold the activity of encapsulated drug in Plasmodium falciparum cultures.

At concentrations below those inducing anticoagulation of mouse blood in vivo, parasiticidal activity was found to be the additive result of the separate activities of free heparin as antimalarial and of liposome-bound heparin as targeting element for encapsulated primaquine. From the Clinical Editor: Malaria remains an enormous global public health concern. In this study, a novel functionalized heparin formulation used as drug delivery agent for primaquine was demonstrated to result in threefold increased drug activity in cell cultures, and in a murine model it was able to provide these benefits in concentrations below what would be required for anticoagulation.

Further studies are needed determine if this approach is applicable in the human disease as well. Keywords: Heparin , Liposomes , Malaria , Plasmodium , Targeted drug delivery , Heparin , Malaria , Plasmodium , Red blood cell , Targeted drug delivery , Liposomes , 1,2 dioleoyl 3 trimethylammoniopropane , fluorescein , heparin , liposome , nanoparticle , primaquine , adsorption , animal experiment , anticoagulation , antimalarial activity , Article , binding affinity , confocal microscopy , controlled study , drug targeting , encapsulation , erythrocyte , female , fluorescence microscopy , human , human cell , in vivo study , liposomal delivery , mouse , nonhuman , Plasmodium falciparum , transmission electron microscopy.

A functional microengineered model of the human splenon-on-a-chip Lab on a Chip 14, 10 , The spleen is a secondary lymphoid organ specialized in the filtration of senescent, damaged, or infected red blood cells. This unique filtering capacity is largely due to blood microcirculation through filtration beds of the splenic red pulp in an open-slow microcirculation compartment where the hematocrit increases, facilitating the recognition and destruction of unhealthy red blood cells by specialized macrophages.

Moreover, in sinusal spleens such as those of humans, blood in the open-slow microcirculation compartment has a unidirectional passage through interendothelial slits before reaching the venous system. This further physical constraint represents a second stringent test for erythrocytes ensuring elimination of those cells lacking deformability.

With the aim of replicating the filtering function of the spleen on a chip, we have designed a novel microengineered device mimicking the hydrodynamic forces and the physical properties of the splenon, the minimal functional unit of the red pulp able to maintain filtering functions. In this biomimetic platform, we have evaluated the mechanical and physiological responses of the splenon using human red blood cells and malaria-infected cells.

This novel device should facilitate future functional studies of the spleen in relation to malaria and other hematological disorders. Van Heirstraeten, L. Integrated DNA and RNA extraction and purification on an automated microfluidic cassette from bacterial and viral pathogens causing community-acquired lower respiratory tract infections Lab on a Chip 14, 9 , In this paper, we describe the development of an automated sample preparation procedure for etiological agents of community-acquired lower respiratory tract infections CA-LRTI.

The consecutive assay steps, including sample re-suspension, pre-treatment, lysis, nucleic acid purification, and concentration, were integrated into a microfluidic lab-on-a-chip LOC cassette that is operated hands-free by a demonstrator setup, providing fluidic and valve actuation. The performance of the assay was evaluated on viral and Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial broth cultures previously sampled using a nasopharyngeal swab.

Sample preparation on the microfluidic cassette resulted in higher or similar concentrations of pure bacterial DNA or viral RNA compared to manual benchtop experiments. The miniaturization and integration of the complete sample preparation procedure, to extract purified nucleic acids from real samples of CA-LRTI pathogens to, and above, lab quality and efficiency, represent important steps towards its application in a point-of-care test POCT for rapid diagnosis of CA-LRTI.

Tejeda-Montes, E. Bioactive membranes for bone regeneration applications: Effect of physical and biomolecular signals on mesenchymal stem cell behavior Acta Biomaterialia 10, 1 , This study focuses on the in vitro characterization of bioactive elastin-like recombinamer ELR membranes for bone regeneration applications. The materials were then used to fabricate ELR membranes incorporating a variety of topographical micropatterns including channels, holes and posts.

Primary rat mesenchymal stem cells rMSCs were cultured on the different membranes and the effects of biomolecular and physical signals on cell adhesion, morphology, proliferation, and differentiation were evaluated. Effects on cell morphology were mostly dependent on surface topography, while cell proliferation and cell differentiation were largely dependent on the biomolecular signaling from the ELR membranes.

In particular, osteogenic differentiation evaluated by staining for the osteoblastic marker osterix was significantly enhanced on cells cultured on HAP membranes. Remarkably, cells growing on membranes containing the HAP sequence in non-osteogenic differentiation media exhibited significant up-regulation of the osteogenic marker as early as day 5, while those growing on fibronectin-coated glass in osteogenic differentiation media did not.

These results are part of our ongoing effort to develop an optimized molecularly designed periosteal graft. Vila, O. Bioluminescent and micro-computed tomography imaging of bone repair induced by fibrin-binding growth factors Acta Biomaterialia 10, 10 , In this work we have evaluated the capacity of bone morphogenetic protein-2 BMP-2 and fibrin-binding platelet-derived growth factor-BB PDGF-BB to support cell growth and induce bone regeneration using two different imaging technologies to improve the understanding of structural and organizational processes participating in tissue repair.

Human mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue hAMSCs expressing two luciferase genes, one under the control of the cytomegalovirus CMV promoter and the other under the control of a tissue-specific promoter osteocalcin or platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule , were seeded in fibrin matrices containing BMP-2 and fibrin-binding PDGF-BB, and further implanted intramuscularly or in a mouse calvarial defect.

Then, cell growth and bone regeneration were monitored by bioluminescence imaging BLI to analyze the evolution of target gene expression, indicative of cell differentiation towards the osteoblastic and endothelial lineages.

Although the inclusion of hAMSCs in the fibrin matrices made no significant difference in any of these parameters, there was a significant increment in the connectivity of the vascular network in defects treated with hAMSCs. Keywords: Angiogenesis , Bioluminescence imaging , Bone regeneration , Fibrin , Mesenchymal stem cell. Extracellular calcium and CaSR drive osteoinduction in mesenchymal stromal cells Acta Biomaterialia 10, 6 , — Bone is the main store of calcium and progenitor cells in the body.

During the resorption process, the local calcium concentration reaches mM, and the surrounding cells are exposed to these fluctuations in calcium. This stimulus is a signal that is detected through the calcium sensing receptor CaSR , which modulates chemotactic and proliferative G protein-dependent signaling pathways.

Andreu, I. Heterogeneous micromechanical properties of the extracellular matrix in healthy and infarcted hearts Acta Biomaterialia 10, 7 , Infarcted hearts are macroscopically stiffer than healthy organs. Nevertheless, although cell behavior is mediated by the physical features of the cell niche, the intrinsic micromechanical properties of healthy and infarcted heart extracellular matrix ECM remain poorly characterized.

Using atomic force microscopy, we studied ECM micromechanics of different histological regions of the left ventricle wall of healthy and infarcted mice. Healthy ventricular ECM revealed marked mechanical heterogeneity across histological regions of the ventricular wall with the effective Young's modulus ranging from Infarcted ECM showed a predominant collagen composition and was 3-fold stiffer than collagen-rich regions of the healthy myocardium.

ECM of both healthy and infarcted hearts exhibited a solid-like viscoelastic behavior that conforms to two power-law rheology. Knowledge of intrinsic micromechanical properties of the ECM at the length scale at which cells sense their environment will provide further insight into the cell-scaffold interplay in healthy and infarcted hearts. Keywords: Atomic force microscopy , Extracellular matrix , Heart scaffold , Nanoindentation , Viscoelasticity. Almeida, C.

Recent studies have pointed towards a decisive role of inflammation in triggering tissue repair and regeneration, while at the same time it is accepted that an exacerbated inflammatory response may lead to rejection of an implant. Within this context, understanding and having the capacity to regulate the inflammatory response elicited by 3-D scaffolds aimed for tissue regeneration is crucial. Cytokine secretion and cell morphology of human peripheral blood monocytes allowed to differentiate on the different matrices were analyzed.

These findings strengthen the appropriateness of these 3-D platforms to study modulation of macrophage responses by specific parameters chemistry, topography, scaffold architecture. Arcos, D. The relevance of biomaterials to the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis Acta Biomaterialia 10, 5 , Osteoporosis is a worldwide disease with a very high prevalence in humans older than The main clinical consequences are bone fractures, which often lead to patient disability or even death. A number of commercial biomaterials are currently used to treat osteoporotic bone fractures, but most of these have not been specifically designed for that purpose.

Many drug- or cell-loaded biomaterials have been proposed in research laboratories, but very few have received approval for commercial use. In order to analyze this scenario and propose alternatives to overcome it, the Spanish and European Network of Excellence for the Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporotic Fractures, "Ageing", was created. This network integrates three communities, e.

Keeping in mind the premise "living longer, living better", this commentary is the result of the thoughts, proposals and conclusions obtained after one year working in the framework of this network. Keywords: Ageing , Biomaterials , Bone , Osteoporosis. A novel sensing strategy for electrochemical aptamer-based sensors is presented.

Nucleic acid aptamers are considered alternatives to antibodies. However, some of their intrinsic properties, such as that they can undergo conformational changes during the binding of the target, can be used to design novel sensing strategies.

Unlike other electrochemical "signal off" aptamer-based sensors, we report a strategy based on enzymatic inhibition. Our approach shows the feasibility to detect small molecules based on the aptamer conformational change induced by the target that leads to the inhibition of the enzyme used as a label. Additionally, we prove the ability to regenerate the function of the aptasensor by simply applying a short potential pulse.

As a proof-of-concept, the widely used aptamer for ochratoxin A OTA has been selected as a model. To investigate the mechanism induced by the OTA-binding, surface plasmon resonance assays were performed, which confirmed the conformational switch of the aptamer rather than the aptamer displacement by dehybridization from the DNA-modified sensor surface. The electrochemical sensor can successfully detect OTA in wine at the limits stipulated by the European Commission.

Given its sensitivity, rapid and easy detection, and regeneration, it can be envisaged as screening tool for OTA detection. Moreover, this sensing strategy has the potential to be applied to other aptamer-based biochemical assays for the detection of small molecules in the fields of food safety, environmental monitoring, and medical diagnostics. Electronic, electric and electrochemical properties of bioactive nanomembranes made of polythiophene:thermoplastic polyurethane Polymer Chemistry 5, 4 , TPU:P3TMA nanomembranes were reported to be good substrates for applications related to tissue engineering, acting as a cellular matrix for cell adhesion and proliferation.

This behavior is in opposition to the observations in THF solution, which indicates that the band gap energy of P3TMA is clearly lower than that of the mixture, independently of the concentration. The current and conductivity values determined for the nanomembranes, which range from 0.

This has been associated with the irregular distribution of the doped chains and the presence of insulating TPU chains. Overall results indicate that TPU:P3TMA nanomembranes are potential candidates for the fabrication of bioactive substrates able to promote cell regeneration through electrical or electrochemical stimulation.

Llorens, F. The cellular prion protein PrPC plays a key role in prion diseases when it converts to the pathogenic form scrapie prion protein. Increasing knowledge of its participation in prion infection contrasts with the elusive and controversial data regarding its physiological role probably related to its pleiotropy, cell-specific functions, and cellular-specific milieu.

Multiple approaches have been made to the increasing understanding of the molecular mechanisms and cellular functions modulated by PrPC at the transcriptomic and proteomic levels. These analyses support previous functional data and have yielded clues about new potential functions. However, experiments on animal models have shown moderate and varied results which are difficult to interpret.

Moreover, studies in cell cultures correlate little with in vivo counterparts. Yet, both animal and cell models have provided some insights on how to proceed in the future by using more refined methods and selected functional experiments. Seira, O. Gaining a basic understanding of the inhibitory molecules and the intracellular signaling involved in axon development and repulsion after neural lesions is of clear biomedical interest. In recent years, numerous studies have described new molecules and intracellular mechanisms that impair axonal outgrowth after injury.

Dalmases, M. Brain tissue hypoxia and oxidative stress induced by obstructive apneas is different in young and aged rats Sleep , 37, 7 , Study Objectives: To test the hypotheses that brain oxygen partial pressure PtO2 in response to obstructive apneas changes with age and that it might lead to different levels of cerebral tissue oxidative stress.

Design: Prospective controlled animal study. Setting: University laboratory. Participants: Sixty-four male Wistar rats: 32 young 3 mo old and 32 aged 18 mo. Protocol 2: Forty rats were subjected to obstructive apneas or sham procedure for 4 h. Measurements and Results: Protocol 1: Real-time PtO2 measurements were performed using a fast-response oxygen microelectrode.

During successive apneas cerebral cortex PtO2 presented a different pattern in the two age groups; there was a fast increase in young rats, whereas it remained without significant changes between the beginning and the end of the protocol in the aged group. Protocol 2: Brain oxidative stress assessed by lipid peroxidation increased after apneas in young rats 1. Conclusions: The results suggest that brain oxidative stress in aged rats is lower than in young rats in response to recurrent apneas, mimicking obstructive sleep apnea.

This could be due to the different PtO2 response observed between age groups and the increased antioxidant expression in aged rats. Keywords: Aging , Animal model , Obstructive apnea , Oxidative stress , Tissue oxygenation , antioxidant , glutathione disulfide , aged , animal experiment , animal model , animal tissue , apnea , arterial oxygen saturation , article , brain cortex , brain oxygen tension , brain tissue , controlled study , groups by age , hypoxia , lipid peroxidation , male , nonhuman , oxidative stress , pressure , priority journal , rat.

Estimation of the limit of detection using information theory measures Analytica Chimica Acta , Although such definitions are straightforward and valid for any kind of analytical system, proposed methodologies to estimate the LOD are usually simplified to signals with Gaussian noise.

Based upon an analogy between an analytical system and a binary communication channel, in this paper we show that the amount of information that can be extracted from an analytical system depends on the probability of presenting the two different possible states. We propose a new definition of LOD utilizing information theory tools that deals with noise of any kind and allows the introduction of prior knowledge easily. Unlike most traditional LOD estimation approaches, the proposed definition is based on the amount of information that the chemical instrumentation system provides on the chemical information source.

Photomodulation of G protein-coupled adenosine receptors by a novel light-switchable ligand Bioconjugate Chemistry , American Chemical Society 25, 10 , The adenosinergic system operates through G protein-coupled adenosine receptors, which have become promising therapeutic targets for a wide range of pathological conditions. However, the ubiquity of adenosine receptors and the eventual lack of selectivity of adenosine-based drugs have frequently diminished their therapeutic potential.

Accordingly, here we aimed to develop a new generation of light-switchable adenosine receptor ligands that change their intrinsic activity upon irradiation, thus allowing the spatiotemporal control of receptor functioning i. Therefore, we synthesized an orthosteric, photoisomerizable and non-selective adenosine receptor agonist, nucleoside derivative MRS containing an aryl diazo linkage on the N6 substituent, which in the dark relaxed isomer behaved as a full adenosine A3 receptor A3R and partial adenosine A2A receptor A2AR agonist.

Conversely, upon photoisomerization with blue light nm , it remained a full A3R agonist but became an A2AR antagonist. Interestingly, molecular modeling suggested that structural differences encountered within the third extracellular loop of each receptor could modulate the intrinsic, receptor subtype-dependent, activity. Overall, the development of adenosine receptor ligands with photoswitchable activity expands the pharmacological toolbox in support of research and possibly opens new pharmacotherapeutic opportunities.

Understanding how charges move through and between biomolecules is a fundamental question that constitutes the basis for many biological processes. On the other hand, it has potential applications in the design of sensors based on biomolecules and single molecule devices. In this review we introduce the study of the electron transfer ET process in biomolecules, providing an overview of the fundamental theory behind it and the different experimental approaches.

The ET in proteins is introduced by reviewing a complete electronic characterization of a redox protein azurin using electrochemical scanning tunnelling microscopy ECSTM. The ET process in DNA is overviewed and results from different experimental approaches are discussed.

Finally, future directions in the study of the ET process in biomolecules are introduced as well as examples of possible technological applications. Keywords: Bioelectrochemistry , Biomolecular electronics , Charge transfer , Nanobiodevice , Single-molecule junction. Melo, E.

Effects of the decellularization method on the local stiffness of acellular lungs Tissue Engineering Part C: Methods , 20, 5 , Lung bioengineering, a novel approach to obtain organs potentially available for transplantation, is based on decellularizing donor lungs and seeding natural scaffolds with stem cells. Various physicochemical protocols have been used to decellularize lungs, and their performance has been evaluated in terms of efficient decellularization and matrix preservation.

No data are available, however, on the effect of different decellularization procedures on the local stiffness of the acellular lung. This information is important since stem cells directly sense the rigidity of the local site they are engrafting to during recellularization, and it has been shown that substrate stiffness modulates cell fate into different phenotypes.

The aim of this study was to assess the effects of the decellularization procedure on the inhomogeneous local stiffness of the acellular lung on five different sites: alveolar septa, alveolar junctions, pleura, and vessels' tunica intima and tunica adventitia. The local stiffness of the acellular lung matrix significantly depended on the site within the matrix p. Gibert, M.

Bacterial conjugation promotes horizontal gene transfer and, consequently, the acquisition of new capabilities such as resistance to antimicrobial compounds and virulence related traits. Conjugative plasmids belonging to the incompatibility group HI are associated with multidrug resistance in Gram-negative pathogens. IncHI plasmid conjugation is thermodependent and all transfer-related genes are encoded in six operons tra operons. Using R27, the prototype of IncHI1 plasmids, we reported that the plasmid-encoded factor HtdA represses four of the six tra operons.

Moreover, our results indicated that other R27 factors were required for appropriate expression of the tra genes. In this report, using R27 libraries and random mutagenesis assays, two genes - trhR and trhY- have been identified as essential for the transcriptional expression of four tra operons and, accordingly, for the R27 conjugation.

Expression studies suggest that H-NS represses conjugation at high temperature by repressing trhR expression. Remarkably, we show that this regulatory circuit is highly conserved among the IncHI plasmids. Levato, R. Biofabrication of tissue constructs by 3D bioprinting of cell-laden microcarriers Biofabrication 6, 3 , Bioprinting allows the fabrication of living constructs with custom-made architectures by spatially controlled deposition of multiple bioinks.

This is important for the generation of tissue, such as osteochondral tissue, which displays a zonal composition in the cartilage domain supported by the underlying subchondral bone. Challenges in fabricating functional grafts of clinically relevant size include the incorporation of cues to guide specific cell differentiation and the generation of sufficient cells, which is hard to obtain with conventional cell culture techniques.

A novel strategy to address these demands is to combine bioprinting with microcarrier technology. This technology allows for the extensive expansion of cells, while they form multi-cellular aggregates, and their phenotype can be controlled.

In this work, living constructs were fabricated via bioprinting of cell-laden microcarriers. Mesenchymal stromal cell MSC -laden polylactic acid microcarriers, obtained via static culture or spinner flask expansion, were encapsulated in gelatin methacrylamide-gellan gum bioinks, and the printability of the composite material was studied. This bioprinting approach allowed for the fabrication of constructs with high cell concentration and viability.

Microcarrier encapsulation improved the compressive modulus of the hydrogel constructs, facilitated cell adhesion, and supported osteogenic differentiation and bone matrix deposition by MSCs. Bilayered osteochondral models were fabricated using microcarrier-laden bioink for the bone compartment. These findings underscore the potential of this new microcarrier-based biofabrication approach for bone and osteochondral constructs. Antimalarial drug delivery to the mosquito: an option worth exploring?

Future Microbiology , 9, 5 , The role of endplate poromechanical properties on the nutrient availability in the intervertebral disc Osteoarthritis and Cartilage , 22, 7 , Objective To investigate the relevance of the human vertebral endplate poromechanics on the fluid and metabolic transport from and to the intervertebral disc IVD based on educated estimations of the poromechanical parameter values of the bony endplate BEP.

Permeability values were calculated by using the micro-models, through the simulation of permeation via computational fluid dynamics. These educated ranges of porosity and permeability values were used as inputs for mechano-transport simulations to assess their effect on both the distributions of metabolites within an IVD model and the poromechanical calculations within the cartilaginous part of the endplate i.

Universal patterns between bone volume fraction and permeability arose from these results and from other experimental data in the literature. These variations in BEP permeability and porosity had negligible effects on the distributions of metabolites within the disc.

In the CEP, the variability of the poromechanical properties of the BEP did not affect the predicted consolidation but induced higher fluid velocities. Conclusions The present paper provides the first sets of thoroughly identified BEP parameter values that can be further used in patient-specific poromechanical studies. Representing BEP structural changes through variations in poromechanical properties did not affect the diffusion of metabolites.

However, attention might be paid to alterations in fluid velocities and cell mechano-sensing within the CEP. Salvagni, E. A bioactive elastin-like recombinamer reduces unspecific protein adsorption and enhances cell response on titanium surfaces Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces , We present the immobilization on synthetic substrates of elastin-like recombinamers ELR that combine a bioactive motif for cell adhesion with protein antifouling properties.

Physical adsorption of the recombinamers and covalent-grafting through organosilane chemistry were investigated. The biochemically-modified surfaces were thoroughly characterized and tested for protein absorption in serum by fluorescence-labelling, XPS, Ellipsometry, and OWLS.

The ELR were successfully grafted and stable, even upon mechanical stresses; being the covalent bonding favourable over physical adsorption. Non-specific protein adsorption may mask the introduced bioactive motifs; therefore, the bioactivated surfaces should display serum-protein antifouling properties. Finally, improved hMSCs response was assessed on the bioactivated substrates. In summary, the coatings simultaneously displayed anti-fouling and bioactive properties.

These studies investigated key factors to enhance tissue material interactions fundamental for the design of bioactive devices and future biomedical applications. Manca, M. Molecular arrangements and interconnected bilayer formation induced by alcohol or polyalcohol in phospholipid vesicles Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces , A self-assembled hybrid phospholipid vesicular system containing various penetration enhancers - ethanol, Transcutol and propylenglycol - was prepared and characterized.

The effects of the different alcohol or polyalcohols structure and their concentration on the features of the assembled vesicles were evaluated using a combination of different techniques, including cryo-transmission electron microscopy, laser light scattering, differential scanning calorimetry, small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering and rheological analysis. These techniques allow explaining the structural rearrangements of the bilayer assembly due to the alcohol or polyalcohol addition.

Rheological studies confirmed the importance of alcohol or polyalcohol in the structuring dispersions probably due to a partial tilting of phosphatidylcholine acyl chains forming interdigitated and interconnected bilayer vesicles.

Dols-Perez, A. Structural and nanomechanical effects of cholesterol in binary and ternary spin-coated single lipid bilayers in dry conditions Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces , We investigate the effects of Cholesterol Chol in the structural and nanomechanical properties of binary and ternary spin-coated single lipid bilayers made of Dioleoylphosphatidylcholine DOPC and Sphingomyelin SM in dry conditions.

The mechanical properties, instead, appear practically insensitive to the Chol content. In both binary mixtures phase separation is not observed. The domains show a thickness and mechanical response clearly distinct from the surrounding phase and dependent on the relative Chol content. We highlight that many of the effects of Chol reported here for the dry multicomponent single lipid bilayers resemble closely those observed in hydrated bilayers, thus offering an additional insight into their properties.

Glycation and nitrotyrosination are pathological posttranslational modifications that make proteins prone to losing their physiological properties. Brain and plasmatic levels of glycated and nitrated albumin were significantly higher in AD patients than in controls. In vitro turbidometry and electron microscopy analyses demonstrated that glycation and nitrotyrosination promote changes in albumin structure and biochemical properties.

Glycated albumin was more resistant to proteolysis and less uptake by hepatoma cells occurred. Glycated albumin also reduced the osmolarity expected for a solution containing native albumin. Both glycation and nitrotyrosination turned albumin cytotoxic in a cell type-dependent manner for cerebral and vascular cells. In summary, nitrotyrosination and especially glycation alter albumin structural and biochemical properties, and these modifications might contribute for the progression of AD.

Keywords: Albumin , Alzheimer's disease , amyloid , glycation , nitrotyrosination , oxidative stress. Comelles, J. Cells as active particles in asymmetric potentials: Motility under external gradients Biophysical Journal , , 7 , Cell migration is a crucial event during development and in disease.

Mechanical constraints and chemical gradients can contribute to the establishment of cell direction, but their respective roles remain poorly understood. Using a microfabricated topographical ratchet, we show that the nucleus dictates the direction of cell movement through mechanical guidance by its environment.

We demonstrate that this direction can be tuned by combining the topographical ratchet with a biochemical gradient of fibronectin adhesion. We report competition and cooperation between the two external cues. We also quantitatively compare the measurements associated with the trajectory of a model that treats cells as fluctuating particles trapped in a periodic asymmetric potential.

We show that the cell nucleus contributes to the strength of the trap, whereas cell protrusions guided by the adhesive gradients add a constant tunable bias to the direction of cell motion. Nanomedicine against malaria Current Medicinal Chemistry , 21, 5 , Malaria is arguably one of the main medical concerns worldwide because of the numbers of people affected, the severity of the disease and the complexity of the life cycle of its causative agent, the protist Plasmodium sp.

The clinical, social and economic burden of malaria has led for the last years to several waves of serious efforts to reach its control and eventual eradication, without success to this day. With the advent of nanoscience, renewed hopes have appeared of finally obtaining the long sought-after magic bullet against malaria in the form of a nanovector for the targeted delivery of antimalarial drugs exclusively to Plasmodium-infected cells.

Different types of encapsulating structure, targeting molecule, and antimalarial compound will be discussed for the assembly of Trojan horse nanocapsules capable of targeting with complete specificity diseased cells and of delivering inside them their antimalarial cargo with the objective of eliminating the parasite with a single dose. Nanotechnology can also be applied to the discovery of new antimalarials through single-molecule manipulation approaches for the identification of novel drugs targeting essential molecular components of the parasite.

Finally, methods for the diagnosis of malaria can benefit from nanotools applied to the design of microfluidic-based devices for the accurate identification of the parasite's strain, its precise infective load, and the relative content of the different stages of its life cycle, whose knowledge is essential for the administration of adequate therapies.

The benefits and drawbacks of these nanosystems will be considered in different possible scenarios, including cost-related issues that might be hampering the development of nanotechnology-based medicines against malaria with the dubious argument that they are too expensive to be used in developing areas. Tong, Z. Engineering a functional neuro-muscular junction model in a chip RSC Advances 4, 97 , Healthy bi-directional intracellular transport along the axons between the somatodendritic and synaptic terminals is crucial to maintain the function and viability of neurons.

When misbalanced, there is neuronal homeostasis failure that compromises its function and viability. In fact, several neurodegenerative diseases originate from misbalanced axonal transport and function. Thus numerous techniques have been developed to establish and maintain neuronal cultures in compartmented microfluidic devices to better understand these processes mimicking neuronal polarization.

Although useful, these in vitro platforms do not allow for a full specific and temporal analysis in a completely monitored way. In this study, we have utilized a microfluidic system with large open cell culture reservoirs to precisely control neuronal microenvironments, capable of mimicking axon transport and synapse formation and to facilitate their analysis.

We demonstrate using this lab-on-a-chip system for long-term motoneuron co-culture with C2Cderived myotubes to mimic neuro-muscular junction NMJ formation. This platform can potentially become a useful tool as a straightforward, reproducible, and high-throughput in vitro model for basic NMJ research, and for high-throughput drug screening. Oberhansl, S. Mesopattern of immobilised bone morphogenetic protein-2 created by microcontact printing and dip-pen nanolithography influence C2C12 cell fate RSC Advances 4, , Dip-pen nanolithography and microcontact printing were used to fabricate mesopatterned substrates for cell differentiation experiments.

A biotin-thiol was patterned on gold substrates and subsequently functionalised with streptavidin and biotinylated bone morphogenetic protein-2 BMP The feasibility of mesopatterned substrates containing immobilised BMP-2 was proven by obtaining similar differentiation outcomes compared to the growth factor in solution.

Therefore, these substrates might be suitable for replacing conventional experiments with BMP-2 in solution. Keywords: Bone morphogenetic protein-2 , C2C12 cells , Dip-pen nanolithography , Micro contact printing. Garcia, A. Protein patterning on hydrogels by direct microcontact printing: application to cardiac differentiation RSC Advances 4, 55 , An extended microcontact printing technique to chemically pattern hydrogels is reported. The procedure employs standard polydimethylsiloxane stamps and requires minor pre-processing of the hydrogels by freeze-drying.

Micropatterned Matrigel[trade mark sign] and gelatin hydrogels induce NIH-3T3 cell alignment and elongation. Furthermore, human embryonic stem cells cultured on fibronectin-patterned hydrogels display beating foci earlier than those cultured on non-patterned substrates. Gramse, G. Calibrated complex impedance and permittivity measurements with scanning microwave microscopy Nanotechnology 25, 14 , 8. We present a procedure for calibrated complex impedance measurements and dielectric quantification with scanning microwave microscopy.

The calibration procedure works in situ directly on the substrate with the specimen of interest and does not require any specific calibration sample. In the workflow tip-sample approach curves are used to extract calibrated complex impedance values and to convert measured S11 reflection signals into sample capacitance and resistance images.

The capacitive and resistive material properties of a doped Si semiconductor sample were studied at different doping densities and tip-sample bias voltages. The proposed procedure of calibrated complex impedance measurements is simple and fast and the accuracy of the results is not affected by varying stray capacitances. It works for nanoscale samples on either fully dielectric or highly conductive substrates at frequencies between 1 and 20 GHz.

Keywords: Complex impedance , Dielectric constant , Nanotechnology: calibration , Resistivity , Scanning microwave microscopy. Gomila, G. Finite-size effects and analytical modeling of electrostatic force microscopy applied to dielectric films Nanotechnology 25, 25 , A numerical analysis of the polarization force between a sharp conducting probe and a dielectric film of finite lateral dimensions on a metallic substrate is presented with the double objective of i determining the conditions under which the film can be approximated by a laterally infinite film and ii proposing an analytical model valid in this limit.

We show that, for a given dielectric film, the critical diameter above which the film can be modeled as laterally infinite depends not only on the probe geometry, as expected, but mainly on the film thickness. For films that can be considered as laterally infinite, we propose a generalized analytical model valid in the thin-ultrathin limit Keywords: Dielectric constant , Dielectric films , Electrostatic force microscopy , Quantification , Analytical models , Electric force microscopy , Electrostatic force , Film thickness , Permittivity , Probes , Substrates , Ultrathin films , Accurate quantifications , Electrostatic force microscopy , Finite size effect , Lateral dimension , Metallic substrate , Numerical calculation , Polarization forces , Quantification , Dielectric films.

Zaffino, R. Label-free detection of DNA hybridization and single point mutations in a nano-gap biosensor Nanotechnology 25, 10 , 8. We describe a conductance-based biosensor that exploits DNA-mediated long-range electron transport for the label-free and direct electrical detection of DNA hybridization.

This biosensor platform comprises an array of vertical nano-gap biosensors made of gold and fabricated through standard photolithography combined with focused ion beam lithography. The nano-gap walls are covalently modified with short, anti-symmetric thiolated DNA probes, which are terminated by 19 bases complementary to both the ends of a target DNA strand.

The nano-gaps are separated by a distance of 50nm, which was adjusted to fit the length of the DNA target plus the DNA probes. The nano-biosensor shows high specificity in the discrimination of base-pair mismatching and does not require signal indicators or enhancing molecules. The design of the biosensor platform is applicable for multiplexed detection in a straightforward manner. The platform is well-suited to mass production, point-of-care diagnostics, and wide-scale DNA analysis applications.

Fumagalli, L. Quantitative electrostatic force microscopy with sharp silicon tips Nanotechnology 25, 49 , 9. Here we present the theoretical modelling required to quantitatively interpret the electrostatic force between these sharpened tips and samples. This work is equally applicable to EFM and other electrical scanned probe techniques, where it allows quantifying electrical properties of nanomaterials and 3D nano-objects with higher resolution. Fresco-Cala, B.

Single-walled carbon nanohorns immobilized on a microporous hollow polypropylene fiber as a sorbent for the extraction of volatile organic compounds from water samples Microchimica Acta , , , We have evaluated the behavior of single-walled carbon nanohorns as a sorbent for headspace and direct immersion micro solid phase extraction using volatile organic compounds VOCs as model analytes.

The conical carbon nanohorns were first oxidized in order to increase their solubility in water and organic solvents. A microporous hollow polypropylene fiber served as a mechanical support that provides a high surface area for nanoparticle retention. The extraction unit was directly placed in the liquid sample or the headspace of an aqueous standard or a water sample to extract and preconcentrate the VOCs.

The variables affecting extraction have been optimized. We conclude that direct immersion of the fiber is the most adequate method for the extraction of VOCs from both liquid samples and headspace. Detection limits range from 3. The method was applied to the determination of toluene, ethylbenzene, various xylene isomers and styrene in bottled, river and tap waters, and the respective average recoveries of spiked samples are Keywords: Micro solid phase extraction , Nanotechnology , Oxidized single-walled carbon nanohorns , Volatiles compounds , Waters.

Torrents, Eduard, Ribonucleotide reductases: Essential Enzymes for bacterial life Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology , 4, This enzyme converts ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides, the building blocks for DNA replication, and repair. Clearly, RNR enzymes have contributed to the appearance of genetic material that exists today, being essential for the evolution of all organisms on Earth. The strict control of RNR activity and dNTP pool sizes is important, as pool imbalances increase mutation rates, replication anomalies, and genome instability.

Thus, RNR activity should be finely regulated allosterically and at the transcriptional level. In this review we examine the distribution, the evolution, and the genetic regulation of bacterial RNRs. Moreover, this enzyme can be considered an ideal target for anti-proliferative compounds designed to inhibit cell replication in eukaryotic cells cancer cells , parasites, viruses, and bacteria.

Gil, V. Historical first descriptions of Cajal-Retzius cells: From pioneer studies to current knowledge Frontiers in Neuroanatomy , 8, Article 32 9. The neuronal theory, the structure of dendrites and spines, and fine microscopic descriptions of numerous neural circuits are among these studies. The foundations of the approach and the contents of each session have been extensively explained in Reinares et al. The groups will be conducted by two psychologists with clinical experience in the management of BD, group dynamics and with the different components of the treatment.

The sessions will be structured by dedicating the first few minutes to holding an informal conversation in which possible incidents and doubts that may have arisen since the last encounter are commented on, practical exercises are reviewed or the mindfulness practice introduced from the first session of this module onwards.

Subsequently, the topic of the day will be addressed, covering the main objectives of each session with flexibility while encouraging participation and discussion. The formulation of questions that guide the contents, rounds and the use of exercises will encourage the participation of every member of the group.

After each session, a summary of the topic worked on will be delivered. Each thematic block will be complemented with additional information in the form of mobile applications, links, audios, weekly practice logs, and literature so that members can go deeper into the practice of the implemented components. In contrast, the TAU group will not receive any type of add-on psychotherapy, just usual standard psychiatric treatment.

Session program of the integrative approach. Baseline distribution descriptive analysis of the variables will be carried out. Both groups will be compared at baseline and during the follow-up 3 and 12 months.

Repeated-measures ANOVA will be used to compare the two arms integrative treatment versus TAU on the primary and secondary outcomes collected in different evaluations over time. Effect sizes will be calculated to quantify the effect of the intervention between groups. Multivariate regression models will be used to establish the relationship between the treatment response and the variables collected. Statistical analyses will be conducted using the software Statistical Package for Social Sciences version To our knowledge this is the first study evaluating an adjunctive psychological treatment integrating different evidence-based approaches in a single brief comprehensive program.

Considering the chronicity and high disability associated with BD, it is crucial to identify and to implement effective and affordable strategies. Due to the long length of previous evidence-based psychological treatments, shorter adaptations have sometimes been used but often not rigorously tested. This session intervention would, therefore, cover a clinical need using a rigorous methodology. Although main outcomes vary between studies, in general, adjunctive psychological treatments have focused on the prevention of recurrences and hospitalizations.

It is worth mentioning some multi-component or care packages studies that have shown a reduction in manic symptoms 54,55 and an improvement in social role function and quality of life. An improvement in symptoms and psychosocial functioning was also observed with 20 sessions of psychoeducation together with cognitive-behavioral therapy. An integrative intervention such as the one we want to test, 14 would allow us to encompass different needs and outcomes by selecting the main components of distinct interventions previously tested with the aim of having a shorter but potentially effective adjunctive approach to BD.

The psychological treatments available to date have also focused on study populations that met very restrictive inclusion criteria. In contrast, the integrative approach is aimed at people with BD in pharmacological treatment who are stable but also for patients with subsyndromic symptoms, which is the rule rather than the exception in BD. For this program, people with other associated psychiatric illnesses anxiety disorder, etc. As there is a need to generalize intervention programs developed in specialized centers to daily practice, this integrative package has the distinctive feature of being sufficiently brief and feasible to be implemented easily in the regular practice, reaching a large amount of people who otherwise would not have access to evidence-based interventions thus maximizing healthcare effects.

The implementation of adjunctive psychosocial strategies may help to change the outcome of the illness and avert potentially irreversible harm to patients with BD. Our proposal would considerably improve the scope of the therapeutic approaches that already exist for the management of the illness, assuming there would be better care for this population.

In addition, if we can identify response predictors to the treatment, it will be an important contribution for future research and clinical practice. This would allow the clinician to consider individual variables and personal needs when the treatment is selected or to modify the treatment based on the characteristics of the population if needed, as recent studies have shown. There are some potential limitations of this project such as the lack of a third condition arm as an active control treatment.

Another limitation will be the difficulty to control the pharmacological treatments that patients will receive although any changes in medication will be registered and taken into account in the statistical analysis. In addition, the estimation of dropouts could be higher than expected; however, a sample size of patients 66 patients in each branch is similar or even higher than the sample size used in most studies of psychological treatments in bipolar disorder. Finally, the sample will be recruited from a specialized mental healthcare center in BD, which could limit the generalizability of the results.

Despite these potential limitations, if the intervention that we propose is effective, it would represent a useful comprehensive approach that could be generalized beyond specialized centers and implemented in services with fewer resources. At the same time, it could be offered to a larger number of patients, responding to a clinical, social and economic demand, thus optimizing socio-health resources with a clear clinical applicability and a significant improvement for people living with BD and their caregivers.

This study could also shed some light on the length and intensity of psychological treatments, which may vary among patients, and is still a matter of debate. This study aims to evaluate a brief group intervention based on the combination of contents from different programs that have previously shown an improvement for patients with BD, expanded with other elements in order to achieve wider therapeutic targets.

This could translate into a clear advantage for the management of the illness, considering the elevated global burden of this disease. If the integrative approach proves to be useful, it would be an innovative, cost-effective adjunctive tool for BD, being short and feasible enough to be implemented in centers with fewer resources and benefiting patients who would otherwise not have access to evidence-based interventions, therefore maximizing healthcare effects and reducing suffering.

Protocol version 1, 10th May This study will be conducted in accordance with the ethical principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and Good Clinical Practice. All participants will be asked to provide written informed consent prior to their inclusion in the study. The investigators are currently collecting data. This is an ongoing study. Hence, preliminary results have not yet been published. The authors declare that they have no competing interests related to this manuscript.

ISSN: Exportar referencia. DOI: Effects of an integrative approach to bipolar disorders combining psychoeducation, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and functional remediation: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Descargar PDF. Autor para correspondencia.

Table 1. Session program of the integrative approach.. Introduction Bipolar disorder is related to a high level of personal, familial, social and economic burden. This study aims to evaluate the impact of a session adjunctive integrative program designed for patients with bipolar disorder. Methods This is a single-blind prospective, randomized controlled trial involving a total of outpatients with bipolar disorder who will be recruited from the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona.

Conclusions If the integrative approach is effective, it would allow clinicians to cover different areas that may be affected by bipolar disorder, by means of a brief intervention that can therefore be easily generalized to clinical practice.

Trial registration NCT Bipolar disorder. Palabras clave:. Trastorno bipolar. Texto completo. Participants One hundred and thirty two subjects will be recruited 66 in the intervention group and 66 in the control group from the Barcelona Bipolar and Depressive Disorders Unit at the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona.

Procedure During their follow-up appointments at the clinic, all patients who might be potential candidates will be informed about the availability of the study. Variables and instruments A semi-structured interview of the Program's protocol based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM 26 will be conducted and complemented with clinical record reviews and assessment instruments in order to collect the following variables: gender, age, marital status, educational status and occupation, age at onset of BD, age at first hospitalization, total number and type of previous episodes, number of hospitalizations, history of psychotic symptoms, polarity of the first episode, seasonal pattern, presence of rapid cycling, bipolar subtype I or II , predominant polarity, psychiatric and physical comorbidities, family psychiatric history, family history of affective disorder, family history of completed suicide, history of suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior, number of suicide attempts, and history of drug misuse.

Grande, M. Berk, B. Birmaher, E. Lancet, , pp. Hayes, J. Miles, K. Walters, M. King, D. A systematic review and meta-analysis of premature mortality in bipolar affective disorder. Acta Psychiatr Scand, , pp. Yatham, S. Kennedy, S. Parikh, A. Schaffer, D. Bond, B. Frey, et al. Bipolar Disord, 20 , pp. Reinares, J. Sanchez-Moreno, K. Psychosocial interventions in bipolar disorder: what, for whom, and when.

J Affect Disord, , pp. Levin, A. Krivenko, M. Howland, R. Schlachet, M. Medication adherence in patients with bipolar disorder: a comprehensive review. CNS Drugs, 30 , pp. Radua, H. Grunze, B. Meta-analysis of the risk of subsequent mood episodes in bipolar disorder. Psychother Psychosom, 86 , pp.

De Dios, E. Ezquiaga, J. Agud, E. Vieta, B. Soler, A. Martinez-Aran, E. Vieta, M. Reinares, F. Colom, C. Torrent, J. Cognitive function across manic or hypomanic, depressed, and euthymic states in bipolar disorder. Am J Psychiatry, , pp. Spoorthy, S. Chakrabarti, S. Comorbidity of bipolar and anxiety disorders: an overview of trends in research. World J Psychiatry, 9 , pp. Reinares, A. Improving functioning quality of life, and well-being in patients with bipolar disorder.

Int J Neuropsychopharmacol, 22 , pp. Morton, G. Murray, E. Michalak, R. Lam, S. Beaulieu, V. Sharma, et al. Quality of life in bipolar disorder: towards a dynamic understanding. Psychol Med, 48 , pp. Lex, E. Bazner, T. Does stress play a significant role in bipolar disorder?

A metaanalysis. Reinares, C. Hidalgo-Mazzei, J. Colom, E. The role of family interventions in bipolar disorder: a systematic review. Clin Psychol Rev, 43 , pp. Psychotherapy for bipolar disorders: an integrative approach. Cambridge University Press, ,. Vieta, A. Martinez-Aran, M. Goikolea, A. Benabarre, et al.

A randomized trial on the efficacy of group psychoeducation in the prophylaxis of recurrences in bipolar patients whose disease is in remission. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 60 , pp. Vieta, J. Sanchez-Moreno, et al. Group psychoeducation for stabilised bipolar disorders: 5-year outcome of a randomized clinical trial.

Br J Psychiatry, , pp. Reinares, E. Vieta, F. Colom, et al. Impact of a psychoeducational family intervention on caregivers of stabilized bipolar patients. Psychother Psychosom, 73 , pp. Colom, J. Impact of caregiver group psychoeducation on the course and outcome of bipolar patients in remission: a randomized controlled trial. Bipolar Disord, 10 , pp. Torrent, C. Bonnin, M. Efficacy of functional remediation in bipolar disorder: a multicenter randomized controlled study.

Bonnin, C. Arango, et al. Functional remediation in bipolar disorder: 1-year follow-up of neurocognitive and functional outcome. Segal, M. Williams, J. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression. Gildford Publications ed. Bantam Doubleday Publishing Group, Inc. Williams, Y. Alatiq, C.

Crane, et al. Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy MBCT in bipolar disorder: preliminary evaluation of immediate effects on between-episode functioning. Perich, V. Manicavasagar, P. Mitchell, J. The association between meditation practice and treatment outcome in Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy for bipolar disorder. Behav Res Ther, 51 , pp. McIntyre, J. Bipolar depression: the clinical characteristics and unmet needs of a complex disorder.

Curr Med Res Opin, 5 , pp. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders DSM5. Cordero, J. Garcia-Garcia, M. Torrent, et al. Spanish version of a scale for the assessment of mania: validity and reliability of the Young Mania Rating Scale. Med Clin Barc , , pp. Lobo, L. Chamorro, A. Luque, R. Badia, E. Validation of the Spanish versions of the Montgomery-Asberg depression and Hamilton anxiety rating scales.

Med Clin Bar , , pp. Rosa, J. Salamero, C. Torrent, M. Reinares, et al. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health, 3 , pp. Epub Feb 12 Medline. Patton, M. Stanford, E. Factor structure of the Barratt impulsiveness scale.

J Clin Psychol, 51 , pp. Giglio, P. Andreazza, J. Walz, L. Jakobson, P. Rucci, et al. Development and use of a biological rhythm interview. Epub Feb 20 Medline. Meyer, M. Miller, R. Metzger, T. Development and validation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Behav Res Ther, 28 , pp. Rosa, C.

Validity and reliability of a rating scale on subjective cognitive deficits in bipolar disorder COBRA.

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Thunderclap newman something in the air album torrent MB has received lecture fees from Lilly and Neuraxpharm. The unique multistimuli response and the synthetic versatility to control the switching schemes of this single-molecule device suggest spiropyran derivatives as key candidates for molecular circuitry. A systematic review and meta-analysis of premature mortality in bipolar affective disorder. Clearly, RNR enzymes have contributed to the appearance of genetic material that exists today, being essential for the evolution of all organisms on Earth. Trial registration NCT
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