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Orlando, Tony, photograph. Ortega, Daniel, photograph. Ortega, Katherine D. Ramirez, Tina, photograph by David Bazemore Photo. Courtesy of Tina Ramirez. Rodriguez, Carlos Manuel, photograph by Gabriel Bouys. Roman, Phil, photograph by Robert Mora. Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana, photograph.
Rubio, Paulina, photograph by Chris Pizzello. Sabatini, Gabriela, photograph. Serrano, Lupe, photograph. Sheen, Charlie, photograph. Soto, Gary, photograph by M. Courtesy of Chronicle Books. Wilcox, Mary Rose Garrido, photograph. Courtesy of Mary Rose Garrido Wilcox. The Cuban-born dancer, of mixed Spanish and African heritage, came to prominence in the early s while still in his teens, and esteemed dance companies in both North America and Europe began offering him lead romantic roles over the next decade.
With his fabled grace and athleticism, he has earned comparisons to Mikhail Baryshnikov or Rudolf Nureyev. His father was a truck driver, and his mother often suffered from health problems. The island nation of Cuba had become a socialist state after the victory by Marxist guerrilla leader Fidel Castro, but remained overwhelmingly poor. Acosta grew up with no toys, sometimes went shoeless, and did not even have a birthday cake until he turned The streets of his neighborhood provided plenty of entertainment, however, and he spent his time playing soccer, break-dancing, and raiding nearby mango groves with his friends.
He was an overly energetic child, and Pedros Acosta, his father, felt that his youngest son would soon land in serious trouble. Dance training at one of the state-funded schools, his father decided, would teach the boy discipline and provide him with a free lunch every day. He had to wake at five a.
When his father learned of this, he punished him harshly. Career: English National Ballet, principal dancer, level, an excellent training ground, for many of its teachers had benefited from rigorous Russian schooling—a legacy of the cultural ties between the former Soviet Union and Cuba. Petersburg, and Athens, s. Awards: Prix de Lausanne, He and his father were forced to sleep in the bus station for two nights while waiting for the next bus home.
Moreover, some of his siblings lived in the city, so he could stay with them on the weekends. He began working much harder than he had before, and teachers were pleased with his steady progress. The school also took a field trip to see a performance of the National Ballet of Cuba, and Acosta was surprised at how athletic the dancers were.
The school was considered, even on an international In Acosta was offered a slot with the English National Ballet, but a bone spur injury in his ankle hampered his performance time in London. After surgery in Cuba, he joined the National Ballet of Cuba for its season. While on a tour of Spain, Acosta was approached by Ben Stevenson, director and choreographer of the Houston Ballet, and Stevenson offered Acosta—just twenty years old—to join what was one of leading companies in the United States.
Acosta made his debut in Houston in November of Stevenson became an important mentor to Acosta, working with him to develop his repertoire in several lead roles, and the novice dancer thrived under the tutelage and came into his prime. After appearing in just eleven performances in one three-month span, he reflected in an interview with Houston Chronicle writer Molly Glentzer that the London scene was a far different one from the nurturing corps de ballet environment in Houston under Stevenson.
But you keep pushing. You just have to show the right attitude. His turns are marvels, both for their number of revolutions and their control: After speeding up at will, he often slows the ending in an insolent display of cool. As a ballerina, you feel very secure with him. You really have to enjoy dancing. Every time I perform, I have fun. He has started to write his autobiography, and will premiere a new dance project, Tocororo A Cuban Tale in London in the summer of Dance, March , p.
Houston Chronicle, September 6, , p. Independent London, England , December 26, , p. New York Times, June 13, , p. E1; June 19, , p. People, March 31, , p. Time International, August 13, , p. WWD, May 31, , p. Books Newsmakers , Issue 4, Gale, These are nonphotosynthetic, primarily microscopic organisms that drift in the upper layers of salt water and form the base of the marine food chain. There she studied the natural sciences, physics, chemistry, and mathematics, as well as languages, world literature, history, geography, philosophy, psychology, logic, and art history.
However, her father vehemently opposed this choice because he did not want her to experience the pain and suffering associated with patients whose conditions were untreatable. Therefore she entered the University of Madrid now University Complutense in to study the natural sciences, a curriculum that shared several subjects with the medical course.
However, the university closed in and remained closed for the duration of the Spanish Civil War. There she joined the Department of Sea Fisheries, as a fishery research biologist. Between and she also worked as a histologist at the Superior Council of Scientific Research. However, women were officially barred from the institute because research in marine biology was conducted on vessels belonging to the Spanish Royal Navy and a law, dating back to Charles III, prohibited women from staying on navy ships.
San Diego, associate professor, ; National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico, visiting professor, Awards: Great Silver Medal of Galicia, Address: Home— Cabrillo Ave. Maria de Maeztu. There she worked with the prominent English marine biologist, Dr. Sir Frederick Stratten Russell, an expert on zooplankton, particularly the medusae or jellyfish.
Very little was known about these animals in the s. Chaetognaths, a phylum of about 50 species of marine plankton, also called arrowworms, are abundant, tiny carnivores that feed on other zooplankton. Their responses to small chemical and physical characteristics of sea water make them important biological indicators of water type. Siphonophores and other hydrozoans are colonial, swimming or floating animals of the phylum Cnidaria coelenterates , including Physalia, the Portuguese man-of-war.
These organisms are made up of zooids, colonial cells that are specialized for floating, sensing, feeding, or reproduction. The gastrovascular canals of all of the zooids in a colony are contiguous. New colonies bud from the stem of the siphonophore. Medusae are the free-swimming forms of the hydrozoan cnidarians. She discovered Sagitta friderici in plankton samples of the chaetognatha. This is a species normally found in the shallow, warm or temperate waters of the eastern Atlantic coast.
She also found abundant eggs and larvae of Sardina pilchardus in samples from herring fishery areas. Her discovery of these organisms off the British coast indicated the abnormal northward movement of warm water that was displacing the herring fisheries. During those years she was a grantee of the U.
Between and she also held grants from the U. National Science Foundation. She also established the worldwide three-dimensional distribution of various species of chaetognaths and siphonophores. She examined the effects of plankton predation on fish larvae survival and the impact on fisheries and the biotic environment of fish spawning grounds. She identified zooplankton that are indicator species, based on their associations with specific ocean currents and other forms of ocean dynamics or with other types of organisms, such as spawning fish, eggs, and larvae.
She also studied the artificial transport of plankton into new areas of the ocean, via pollution and ship bilge tanks, and the effects of these exotic organisms on the biotic environment. Her concurrent university appointments included associate professorships at the National Autonomous University of Mexico in , San Diego State University between and , and at the University of San Diego between and The first woman scientist to work on a British research vessel, she has continued to participate in expeditions on the research vessels of various countries.
Atlantic Chaetognatha. With S. Hosmer and R. With D. Verfaillie and R. With Joan M. Wojtan and M. Spain and the First Scientific Oceanic Expedition Fishery Bulletin, A second edition of this work, with additional illustrations in full color, is forthcoming. She also has prepared English and Spanish manuscripts on the scientific study of species of animals, including plankton, mollusks, turtles, fish, and birds, that were collected from the western South Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and illustrated in color, during the expedition.
Other Information for this profile was obtained through personal communications between Dr. His extraordinary novels, flush with magical realism and sensual detail, won several prestigious awards abroad. For twenty years he endured harassment, surveillance, and imprisonment. Arenas finally escaped to New York in He died in relative obscurity; barely a dozen people attended his funeral.
Yet, a writer often finds immortality through his words, and Arenas, whose work resonated with viscerally wrenching imagery, was no exception. Following his death Before Night Falls was published to critical acclaim and turned into a film of the same name. His work is currently widely available and is required reading in several university programs.
However, in Cuba it remains banned. By the time of his death in , Arenas had completed nine novels, an autobiography, scores of poems, plays, and short stories, as well as dozens of political and literary essays. However, he had long-since gone out of literary favor. Education: La Pantoja, Cuba, studied agricultural accounting, ; University of Havana, Cuba, studied economic planning, ; attended Columbia University, s. Arenas often ate dirt just to have something in his stomach.
His only solace was nature. It was there that he began his literary career, composing songs and stories to keep himself company. About this time Arenas took a job at a guava paste factory, working 12 hour shifts for one peso a day. The work was mind-numbingly boring and Arenas began channeling that boredom into stories he churned out on a small typewriter. However, his youth—and more importantly his lack of a rifle—kept him from fighting.
Nevertheless, when Castro took control of the island in Arenas was swept up in the revolutionary fervor. However, he soon began to notice that the new government was wrought with hypocrisy. It would not be long before he would come to believe that he had helped overthrow one dictator only to replace him with another.
Arenas received a scholarship to study agricultural accounting and was assigned to work on a government chicken farm after graduation. It was a tedious job and Arenas leapt at the chance to move to Havana when he was offered a scholarship to study economic planning at the University of Havana in Not long after arriving in Havana Arenas began to immerse himself in the then-thriving gay subculture of the city.
He had realized he was homosexual when he was still a child, but during his years in school he hid his feelings because of the persecution that gays were subjected to by the government. Many were fired from their jobs, kicked out of school, or sent to concentration camps to be rehabilitated.
In Havana Arenas entered a storytelling contest sponsored by the National Library and won. However, the judges were less interested in his storytelling ability than in the story he had told. Rather than read a well-known tale, he had written his own.
The library directors, impressed with his literary skill, immediately offered Arenas a job at the library. There was also time to write, and his first book, Singing from the Well, was written in the library. It was a fantastical rewriting of the autobiography of a revolutionary Mexican friar who defied the Spanish conquest of his country and was mercilessly persecuted for it. It was also an almost eerie foreshadowing of the fate that was to befall Arenas.
It was published to acclaim in Mexico and Spain; in France it was named the best foreign novel of It inspired his long poem El central, which was smuggled out and published in Spain. Meanwhile Arenas was working on Farewell to the Sea, one of five novels to make up his Pentagon series detailing the history of Cuba.
The original manuscript was lost when he placed it in hiding with friends. He rewrote the book, only to have it confiscated by the police. Finally, he was able to smuggle his third rewrite of the book to France in The latter two were written in the United States. During that time he attempted to leave the country several times. When that failed, he tried to commit suicide by slicing his wrists with a broken bottle. When that also failed, he resorted to his oldest companion—writing.
He wrote an open letter to international agencies and free governments. The letter was smuggled out by a French friend and was published in France and Mexico. When Arenas was finally captured he was sent to El Morro prison— coincidentally the same prison where Friar Servando had been incarcerated. The prison was loud, hot, and overcrowded. Excrement piled in corners, urine flowed like rancid rivers, bugs were everywhere. Murder was common and vicious.
Food was scarce and barely edible. In addition, Arenas was subjected to intense interrogation. The government wanted him to confess to being a counterrevolutionary and a homosexual and to vow to change. Arenas eventually gave in. It was a bitter, demoralizing defeat for him. He was regularly visited by the police and his room was occasionally ransacked.
He had to write in secret and could trust no one. In Arenas decided he had had enough and, after doctoring his identity card, joined the over , Cubans who were allowed to leave the island during the Castro-sanctioned Mariel Boat Lift. On May 4, at one in the morning, Arenas boarded a boat for Key West. Louis Post-Dispatch. By the end of the year Arenas was living in New York City, 37 years old, and free for the first time in his life. He also completed Before Night Falls which he had begun during his days as a fugitive hiding from the police.
Along with other exiled Cuban writers he founded the shortlived literary magazine Mariel. When not writing, he taught Cuban poetry and lectured at universities including Cornell, Princeton, and Georgetown. In addition he relished his new freedom, traveling throughout Europe and road tripping across the United States.
His foreign publishers either refused to pay him for his books or paid him a pittance after much hassle. And I came here to scream. The intellectual left tended to side with Castro without really knowing what the Cuban people suffered. Other exiled Cubans were busy building wealthy new lives. It was suggested that Arenas forget his past and go on. At the same time he longed for Cuba and loathed his exiled state. Mona and Other Tales, Vintage, He rapidly deteriorated and was hospitalized several times.
Each time he recovered, crediting his works for his returns to health. I already am. Louis Post-Dispatch, February 23, , p. She was also a talented swimmer, and at the age of eleven took a gold medal at the Central American Games in Cuba. She was pleasantly surprised to realize she liked journalism. B orn on September 27, , in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico; daughter of Jose Enrique a university chan- cellor, politician, and newspaper publisher ; married Guillermo divorced ; married Manny Arevesu; three children.
It was a tough lesson, she remembered during a New York Times interview. You can either get sour or make lemonade. In time she was given a co-anchor spot with a wellknown Univision personality, Myrka Dellanos, on the show Noticias y Mas. Airing in several U. She loosened up her wardrobe and her hairstyles, and began making jokes. By this time she had wed a Miami attorney and had three children. The larger national Hispanic media in the United States also liked to run stories about her, and she became a popular cover personality.
I have confidence that she will bring her enormous talent to some of our programs in NBC. That interview was al rojo vivo. Because that person spoke out. They said everything. A confession. And what happens is, in one hour, you have news from everything that is going on in the afternoon. In August of she filed a report on ten-month-old conjoined twins from Guatemala who came to the United States for surgery that would separate them.
The only difference is there were more resources. You can pre-plan and take things at a more normal pace. In Spanish TV, we have less resources, so we are more aggressive. We are hungrier. Films Contact, Cincinnati Post April 12, , p. Electronic Media, April 15, , p. Houston Chronicle, April 26, , p. Library Journal, July , p. Los Angeles Business Journal, April 15, , p. Los Angeles Times, November 24, , p.
Multichannel News, April 15, , p. New York Times, May 5, , p. Publishers Weekly, January 27, , p. She was elected to the state house of representatives in and the state senate in As a young woman she worked as an editor for trade journals; she combined this experience with her passion for politics and activism throughout her career.
Although much of her focus has been Hispanic issues, her strong belief in the value of multiculturalism has been a key element of her life inside and outside politics. The oldest of four children, Polly Baca was born in some sources say in Greeley, Colorado. Her parents, Jose Manuel and Leda Sierra Baca, were migrant farmers who worked hard to support their family.
Baca remembered in particular that her mother instilled a deep sense of pride in her—pride in her heritage and in her ability to succeed. Showed Early Interest in Politics As a teen-ager, Baca became an orphan; her father was killed in an accident and her mother died not long afterward. She was suddenly faced with the responsibility of caring for her three younger brothers—but she was determined to stay in high school and finish her studies. A bright student, she won a scholarship to Colorado State University and planned to major in physics, even though she was more interested in political science and had aspirations of becoming a politician.
Part of her decision to major in physics came from a science teacher who told her that a science career would be better for her because as a Hispanic and a woman her chances of success in public life were twice as slim. This was something that Baca would remember throughout her career. Knowing that as a Hispanic and a woman she would have a harder time achieving success was hardly a detriment; actually it gave her the impetus to try harder.
It was perhaps not surprising that although she did enter college as a physics major, before long she had switched to political science. While in college Baca became active in campus politics, serving as freshman class secretary. She also became active in her campus chapter of Young Democrats a group she had been involved with in high school , becoming vice-president and then president. She did volunteer work for the Democratic Party and helped with the campaigns of local candidates; she was also active in the Viva Kennedy clubs that promoted John F.
Kennedy to the Hispanic electorate. Upon graduation in , Baca moved to Washington, D. In addition to giving her valuable experience in writing and editing, these jobs also gave her the chance to see how public policy was made both within the union and the federal government. In Baca landed a job in the White House, working as a public information officer in the Cabinet Committee on Opportunities for the Spanish Speaking. This job involved research and speechwriting, but it also required her to help coordinate events and speeches that were brought to Hispanic communities.
A year later, she became national deputy director of the Hispanic division of Robert F. Baca took a two-month tour through Latin America, and when she returned she resumed her career, this time as research and information director for the National Council of La Raza in its Phoenix office. The couple had a son and a daughter. In she moved back to Colorado and opened up a small public relations business in Denver, Bronze Publications, which she operated for the next 14 years in addition to her many other commitments.
Bronze specialized in publicity materials—everything from brochures to press materials to annual reports. Those commitments were drawing her closer to a run for public office. From to she served as director of Spanish speaking affairs for the Democratic National Committee. In , the state representative seat in her district Adams County, Colorado became vacant, and Baca decided to take a chance and seek the nomination.
She won the nomination and was elected that November. In her first year there, she introduced nine house bills and brought six senate bills into the house. This was a surprise to the legislators; usually laws were introduced by members with more seniority. Baca felt that as a public servant she had a greater obligation to her constituents than to political tradition. Of the nine house and six senate bills she brought before the legislators, five were passed by both houses and signed into law.
During her term in the house, Baca served as chair of the house Democratic Caucus the first woman to hold the position , and she sat on a special joint study committee on school finance. In Baca was elected chair of the senate Democratic Caucus. She was the first Hispanic woman to hold that position in the state.
In fact, she was the first Hispanic woman in the United States to hold a leadership position in a state senate. During her state senate tenure, Baca also interacted with the international community. She was one of eight state legislators chosen by the American Council of Young Political Leaders to visit the Soviet Union for a study tour. Another element was her good relationship with the Democratic party leadership in Washington, D.
Her years in Washington, coupled with her hard work and her expertise in public relations and communication, made her one of the best connected Democratic politicians in Colorado. From to she served as vice chair of the Democratic National Committee, and she was co-chair of the and Democratic National Conventions. In Baca decided it was time to try for the U. She fought a hard battle and was defeated despite her popularity and track record. She decided to retire from politics and devote her time to Sierra Baca, a management consulting firm she had begun in Sierra Baca focused on many of the same issues that Baca had tackled while in politics: education reform, the role of women and minorities in society, understanding public policy.
She ran the company until when she accepted a position as executive director of the Colorado Hispanic American Institute. In February of Baca was back in Washington briefly. As part of her duties, she chaired the U.
In that capacity she oversaw GSA activities for an area covering six states and 48, government employees working in 43 government agencies. In she went back to her consulting business, Sierra Baca. Her civic activities include serving as executive director of the Latin American Research and Service Agency LARASA , an advocacy group for the Hispanic community; and InSites, a nonprofit organization that conducts research and evaluation programs for educational organizations.
Sources Books Meier, Matt S. Periodicals Denver Post, October 21, Vista, February 4, Baird — Judge Lourdes G. Baird became one of the highest-ranking Hispanic women in the U. Justice Department when she was appointed U. The post involved supervising cases in a jurisdiction that was the largest in the United States at the time, comprised of seven counties with more than 12 million citizens. In she left the job for a federal judgeship with the Ninth U.
Circuit Court, where she has continued her involvement in high-profile legal challenges in the Los Angeles area. Baird was born on May 12, , in Quito, Ecuador. Her father moved the family of seven children to Los Angeles a year later, where she attended Roman Catholic parochial schools in the city not far from the family home on Van Ness Avenue. She remembered her female-only high school, Immaculate Heart, as a particularly encouraging environment.
Appointed U. Attorney by Republicans Baird attended secretarial school for a time before marrying William T. Baird, a businessman, at age They couple had three children, and Baird was a homemaker living in the Hancock Park neighborhood of Los Angeles when she decided to return to school. She began taking classes at Los Angeles City College on a parttime basis, and it took her five years to earn an associate of arts degree.
After graduating a year later, she took the state bar exam and passed it. Baird began her career as an attorney at the age of Gillespie and Josefina Delgado; married William T. Baird a businessman , divorced, ; children: William Jr. Education: Attended secretarial school in Los Angeles, c. Politics: Democrat. Times at the time. When she took over, there was even a federal grand jury investigation at her office of Los Angeles mayor Tom Bradley for his possible links to a banking scandal.
Address: Office—Edward R. Roybal Federal Building and Courthouse, E. Temple St. Six years later, in , she went into private practice as partner in Baird, Munger and Myers. In she accepted an appointment as a municipal court judge in Los Angeles, and two years later became a juvenile-court judge in Los Angeles County Superior Court. Senator Pete Wilson, a Republican, and he proposed her name for a soon-to-be vacant U.
Her name was seconded by U. President George H. Bush, and her appointment was confirmed a few months later by Senate vote. When she was sworn into office in July of , Baird became one of a few U. In March of that year, King, an AfricanAmerican motorist, was stopped by Los Angeles police officers; a subsequent beating was filmed surreptitiously from a nearby apartment building, and released to the media. The tape ignited a firestorm of controversy, and a criminal case against the officers ended in their acquittal.
There she went on to play a role in several other important cases, including a lawsuit filed by U. Immigration and Naturalization Service INS agent Jorge Guzman, who claimed that he had been unduly harassed at his job because of his Hispanic heritage. Some two dozen internal investigations of him had taken place, but he was never reprimanded, nor did they hinder his subsequent promotions.
The following year, she heard sides in a case against three banks in Mexico suspected of money-laundering by the U. Customs Service. In Baird decided in favor of a group of farm laborers from Mexico, who had come to Ventura County at the invitation of a labor contractor under the provisions of a federal guest-worker program known as H-2A.
The defendant moved to have the case transferred to federal court, since the guest-worker program was a federal one, but Baird disagreed and returned the case to the Ventura County Superior Court. In her written ruling, she pointed out that the workers from Mexico were still protected under California statutes. Baird has numerous professional ties to the legal community in Southern California and beyond. Periodicals Buffalo News, August 1, , p. B1; December 22, , p. B3; July 21, , p.
B5; January 24, Wall Street Journal, May 24, , p. Her career seemed off to a promising start, but she took a break from the fast-paced fashion world to study acting and become a mother. Hermosillo, which lies on the Sonora River, is home to a Ford Motor Company manufacturing plant where the Escort model was once made, and is a thriving agricultural center as well.
Growing up, Benitez idolized one of the top models of the s, Linda Evangelista. As a young woman, she reached five feet, ten inches in height, and won a model-search contest in Costa Rica in Benitez first came to international attention modeling in Europe, and her nascent career was boosted im- mensely when influential photographer Steven Meisel began working with her. In she appeared on three covers of Italian Vogue.
Crew, and Nine West. Address: Home—Miami, FL. Launched in as a way to lure readers during a slow sports-story month, the swimsuit issue grew racier over the years, and the exotic locales of its shoots are usually kept top-secret. One television commercial for the product featured a dream sequence of her walking past two men, who are enamored of the burrito she is carrying, not her.
The New York Post reported in March of that Sports Illustrated had struck a deal with the Playboy magazine empire to publish some of the other photos from the shoot in the German edition of Playboy. Some of the models—Klum and Eva Herzigova among them—objected to the deal, claiming that the models had not been consulted, and had not signed waivers allowing the publication of outtakes from the shoot in which they were nude in some cases.
Benitez seemed to drop out of the public eye afterward, however. She wed Rony Seikaly, whom she had met in , and was dividing her time between their homes in Miami and New York City. The basketball player, who retired from the New Jersey Nets in , was the first Lebanese player in NBA history, and stands at an impressive six feet, eleven inches. Seikaly was nonplussed by the attention his wife usually received in public.
Benitez gave birth to daughter Mila in February of She has begun taking acting lessons and harbors an ambition for a film career, in both Spanish- and English-language productions. Daily Record Glasgow, Scotland , May 9, , p.
Financial Times, March 16, , p. Hispanic, April Independent London, England , December 2, , p. National Petroleum News, June , p, New York Post, February 21, , p. Observer London, England , November 3, , p. Olympian Olympia, WA , February 24, , p. He brought Latino rap—popular before only in his South Bronx neighborhood—into the hip-hop mainstream, which has typically been dominated by African-American artists. The album was the first by a Latin rapper to earn doubleplatinum status for record sales.
Big Pun sealed his place in history by becoming the first Latin rapper to be nominated for a Grammy award. He was raised in a strict household by his mother and militaristic stepfather, and was in good shape as a teen.
He enjoyed boxing and basketball. Conflicts with his parents caused him to leave home at age He dropped out of high school after just one year, but Big Pun read encyclopedias on his own to expand his knowledge and vocabulary. Within a few years, he was an expectant father with bills to pay, and worked odd jobs until collecting on a long-standing legal claim.
He received an estimated half-million dollars from an accident that took place in a public park when he was a child. He began overeating to cope with stress and, with his slow metabolism, began to pack on the pounds. In he married his junior high school sweetheart, Liza.
The two had three children together: Christopher, Vanessa, and Amanda. Fat Joe, singled Big Pun out in , after hearing the hefty rapper rhyme. Career: Rap singer, Pun was one of the few newcomers included on The Mix Tape Vol. Pun was known for his remarkable breath control and ability to squeeze out a seemingly endless stream of rhymes in one breath. He also was known for his lyrical humor and ability to string together complex and tongue-twisting rhymes.
When Capital Punishment was released in , he weighed in at pounds. By the time of his death, just two years later, he weighed pounds, and could no longer tie his own shoelaces. But as time went on, his health got worse. Big Pun, his wife, and their children were staying in a hotel in suburban White Plains, New York, in early while their Bronx home was being renovated. On February 7, he had trouble breathing and collapsed. Paramedics arrived on the scene but could not revive him, and he was pronounced dead on arrival at a local hospital.
Heart failure was later determined as the cause of death. Fame Continued After Death If Big Pun was considered a hero of the Latin community during his short lifetime, his fans tried to elevate him to legendary status after his death. The professional mural company TATS Cru, made up of graffiti artists, painted a foot-mural in the Bronx memorializing the rapper days after his death. With all the money that he had and everything, he still lived around here, his home was here.
This guy is going to be a legend for us. Fans called in to radio stations and wept openly on air. One of the best, man. Another one of us gone. Nonetheless, his record label, Loud, was able to put together a handful of Big Pun performances to release on Endangered Species in The album included songs from Capital Punishment, guest appearances, and previously unreleased material.
Songs by Kool G. Contributor Soul in the Hole, Capital Punishment, Relativity, Yeeeah Baby, Loud, Endangered Species, Relativity, Sources Periodicals Billboard, April 7, , p. Independent London, England , February 10, , p. Los Angeles Times, February 9, , p. New York Times, February 8, , p. B9; February 9, , p.
B10; May 2, , p. Rolling Stone, May 28, , p. Village Voice, June 9, , p. Washington Post, February 9, , p. B6; February 11, , p. Her work, praised for its intuitive appeal and its densely symbolic qualities, has earned national attention and is included in several permanent collections, including the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Brito, only thirteen years old at the time, traveled alone with her brother to Miami, Florida, where her family soon joined them.
There Brito grew up amid a vibrant Cuban immigrant community that had established firm roots. The city remains her home. Brito earned degrees in studio art and art education at Florida International University, and also did graduate study at the University of Miami.
A course in ceramics sparked her interest in exploring what was to become her most characteristic avenue of expression, mixed media. The work that she did for her MFA, which she received from the University of Miami in , already showed her growing fascination with the creative possibilities of found objects and mixed media installations.
Her inspiration, Brito told Miami Herald writer Helen Kohen, often comes from a suggestive word, or from objects that Brito picks up at flea markets. Everyday objects such as faucets and pipes, electrical cords, books, and household furniture are common elements in her installations. B orn in , in Havana, Cuba; two children. Career: Painter and sculptor, —; Barry University, Miami, Florida, adjunct professor of art, s—.
As Thomas D. Boswell and James R. Likewise, their subjects are frequently drawn from both cultures, as well as a mixture of the two. Critics noted the themes of entrapment, repression, and death that pervaded the pieces. Many pieces recall the experience of displacement, entrapment, and physical suffering.
Catherine was murdered. In the background is a dark shape that suggests a box with a narrow opening. The piece conveys physical pain and captivity. Above her hangs an intravenous bottle with a tube that apparently connects with the female figure behind her dress. The work, which creates an eerie tension by employing flat cutout forms, suggests themes of helplessness and exposure as well as external menace.
The exhibit featured works from years of Latino art in the United States. When Brito is not on the road with her art, she is an adjunct professor of art at Barry University in Miami. She has two sons. Sources Books By the early s Brito was showing her art in major venues and receiving significant national and international recognition.
Brito has received numerous awards, including two fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts, two Cintas fellowships, a grant from the Florida Department of State, and a Pollack Krasner Foundation grant. Boswell, Thomas D. Periodicals Art in America, May , p. Los Angeles Times, May 5, Miami Herald, June 15, , p. US Newswire, September 4, Bustamante — Lieutenant governor, politician Cruz M. Bustamante is a Democrat who became the first Latino to hold a statewide office in California in over years when he was elected lieutenant governor in Prior to that position, Bustamante served as a California assemblyman and he was the first Latino speaker of the state assembly.
Throughout his career Bustamante has supported the agricultural and immigrant communities of California, particularly in his home district of Fresno. He has promoted better education, environmental responsibility, and racial tolerance and diversity during his two terms as lieutenant governor. He is a low-profile politician who has earned a reputation as someone who works hard and who is not afraid to address controversial issues.
Bustamante was born on January 4, , in Dinuba, California, the first of six children born to Cruz and Dominga Bustamante. He only began learning English when he started attending kindergarten. Bustamante learned the value of serving other people from his parents, both of whom were actively involved in community service organizations.
The senior Cruz Bustamante was also elected city councilperson and he unsuccessfully ran for the position of county supervisor. Bustamante attended Tranquility High School, and when he was not in school, he worked in the fields of San Joaquin.
At a Glance. B orn Cruz M. Career: Congressman B. Sisk, Washington, D. Soon after, he was offered a part-time job as a fundraiser for local assemblyman Rick Lehman. Bustamante knew that the part-time job was an excellent way to break into California politics, but he also knew that he needed a full-time job to better support his family. Bustamante passed up the opportunity and instead went to work as the director of the Fresno Summer Youth Employment Program.
Five years later, in , Assemblyman Lehman became a U. Bustamante quickly jumped at the chance to reenter politics and worked for Lehman for the next five years. In Bustamante became a district representative for Assemblyman Bruce Bronzan. Bronzan was up for reelection as assemblyman in when he decided to take a job at the University of California, San Francisco, just eight days before the November elections.
As a child Bustamante did not imagine becoming one of the most influential leaders in California when he grew up. After high school he went to Fresno City College to learn butchery. Sisk, who was the chairperson of the Rules and Means committee. He enjoyed the task of helping people and he decided to pursue a career in government instead of Moderate Politics Lead to Lieutenant Governorship Bustamante was not a high-profile politician early in his career, but he was also not afraid to speak out about important issues.
He was especially vocal about the agricultural industry and the immigrant labor force, which were both central to his district. Two years later he became the first Latino speaker of the state assembly. He was a self-described moderate or centrist, which he attributed to his upbringing. Bustamante recalled the tensions between white and Latino children in school and he learned as a child that it was best for him to tread in the middle of the two extremes.
Since his days in the California Assembly, this agenda has consisted of promoting good schools, safe neighborhoods, decent jobs, and opportunities for personal achievement. With this victory Bustamante became the first Latino to be elected to a statewide office in California since This historic event was celebrated by numerous high ranking political officials, including the vice president of the United States at that time, Al Gore.
When Bustamante was sworn into office, he vowed to create more jobs for Californians. The lieutenant governor assumes the role of governor if the governor is unable to perform his or her duties. The lieutenant governor also serves as the president of the state senate, regent of the University of California, and trustee of the California State University System.
He has not been content to just sit on state boards and commissions. Instead he has launched his own statewide initiatives, in addition to attending to his regular duties. In particular, he established the SchiffBustamante Standards-Based Instructional Materials Program to provide proper textbooks for school children.
Bustamante also worked for equal access to higher education and promoted educational incentives for college students. He was also involved in the development of a new University of California campus in Merced in the Central Valley, an area of California that had been underserved in the area of education. In May of Bustamante filed a civil law suit in the Los Angeles Superior Court against five energy generators for overcharging California residents for electricity.
He also sponsored legislation that would permit the criminal prosecution of companies that manipulated the energy market. Additionally, Bustamante appeared in statewide public service announcements to encourage Californians to conserve energy. The committee held hearings on the topics of racial profiling by law enforcement, diversity in the media, and tolerance in schools. Bustamante also led the government outreach effort to Sikh and ArabAmerican communities after the September 11, , terrorist attacks on the United States that left these communities vulnerable to ethnic and religious discrimination and violence.
Most notably, Bustamante took a stand against Proposition , a ballot measure to cut social services for illegal immigrants which was approved by 60 percent of California voters. This controversial and politically contentious issue put Bustamante at odds with Governor Gray Davis, but Bustamante stood firm on his position. Gunnison of the San Francisco Chronicle in April of In particular he has promoted the Cal Grant Outreach Program to inform disadvantaged students about funding opportunities for college.
He has also remained committed to cultural diversity and understanding. In he unveiled an educational book aimed at teaching children about the Sikh culture and community and he distributed educational kits about the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II to schools and libraries throughout the state. Bustamante has also worked to promote international trade and development, improve health care for all Californians, and respond to the issues of Native Americans.
Bustamante has been a low-profile California politician who has made a name for himself by speaking out on controversial issues, particularly immigration. It is likely that Bustamante, in announcing his candidacy in the recall election, will try to be the third person to accomplish this feat in the California gubernatorial elections in late Bustamante has managed to create a successful political career coming from a very modest upbringing and therefore he sees himself as a role model for other Latinos.
He encourages them to believe in themselves and to pursue their dreams. Periodicals California Journal Weekly, July 4, Jet, March 5, , p. Los Angeles Times, October 16, , p. Sacramento Bee, January 5, San Diego Union-Tribune, July 1, , p. San Francisco Chronicle, January 5, , p. A11; April 22, , p.
A23; February 14, , p. Lieutenant Governor of California Official Website, www. Using both physical and verbal comedy, Cantinflas embodied the everyday Mexican. His comedic journey began in as a performer in the carpas travelling, vaudevillian tent shows showcasing a variety of performers. In the carpas, and later in his film career, the young performer created and polished his character, the disheveled underdog known to the world as Cantinflas.
Through this character and the use of nonsensical verbal comedy, he lanced the privileged and wealthy classes of Mexican culture. Moreno was the sixth of twelve sons and three daughters born to Jose and Maria Guizar Moreno. Although he grew up in a poor section of Mexico City, Cantinflas was privileged enough to attend good schools, like the Bartolome de las Casas School. More interested in the street life than in his books, Cantinflas often cut class to watch street performers and eventually performed himself.
It was here that he found the skills that he would later need in a career of entertaining audiences. As a child in the streets, Cantinflas learned how to play to the crowds. He won several contests with the valero, a ball-and-stick toy, and made small change as a child by singing and dancing. More importantly, he became closely familiar with the effects of destitution and the ravages of poverty.
Both lessons would influence his work as a performer. At fifteen, he entered the national agricultural school at Chapingo, but soon was tempted back to performing. He ran away from the school to join a carpa as a dance performer. In the carpas, Cantinflas found the excitement he desired. Colorful characters, loud, raucous audiences, and the reward of a clapping hand held the young performer captive for the rest of his life.
He attempted to return home, but soon ran away again and joined the Campania Novel in Tacambara as a dancer. Career: Stage and screen actor, Genaro Lopez St. Manuel E. Guaymas, Sonora Mexico. Vicki N. Morelia, Michoacan Mexico. Hermosillo, Sonora Mexico. Xalapa, Veracruz Mexico. Carlos A. Carlos F. Jorge E. Pablo Alvarez Pronatura Noroeste A. C: Ensenada, Baja California Mexico. William L. Charles Nicoll Univ. Anthony Giordano S. Christian A.
Ana L. Marti Witter U. Hawaii Topanga, California United States. C Xalapa, Veracruz Mexico. Fabricio Villalobos Instituto de Ecologia, A. Carlos L. Elizabeth G. Teran silviateranc hotmail. Guillermo Angeles Instituto de Ecologia, A. Louis, Missouri United States. Matt Bahm Dr. Corvallis, Oregon United States. Mexico, Mexico Mexico. Andrew P.
Daniel Cadena Inecol A. C Xakapa, Veracruz Mexico. Villa de Tezontepec, Hidalgo Mexico. Armando Montelongo Jr. Sara M. Luis M. Antonio J. Nina Finley Thomas J. Stephen Simon Wayne State Univ. Westfield, Indiana United States. Bruce Carlson Washington University in St.
Louis St. Michael Comenetz St. Richard T. Sonia Chenier Universite de Montreal St. Hyacinthe, Quebec Canada. Stephen D. Busack N. Cristian A. Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes Mexico. James Nifong U. Charles Houghten U.
Don Waller Univ. Gordon Burghardt Univ. James Humphreys U. James Lenihan U. John Brazner Nova Scotia Dept. Richard Zander Missouri Botanical garden St. Carlos C. Kenneth Dodd, Jr. Allen G. Bill Hilton Jr. Ronald Daigle Verasonics, Inc. Redmond, Washington United States. Jeffrey Marion U. Eric Panitz Dr.
Wyoming, Michigan United States. Julien H. William Z. Lidicker, Jr. Jessica Gurevitch Dr. Olympia, Washington United States. Donald W. Norma Kline U. Constantine Svimonoff, Jr. Long Beach, California United States. Robert I.
Tracy Feldman St. Judith Myers Univ. Robert M. Edgar J. Antonio Jimenez G. Vancouver, NA Canada. Kristin Cathey NA St. Petersburg, Florida United States. David Dornbos Jr. Tormod V. Susan P. David Romero Ctr. Garry Rogers GarryRogers. Patricia Ostrosky IIB. Ronald D. Cave University of Florida Ft. Pierce, Florida United States. Salvador Gonzalez Instituto de Ecologia A. Rafael Morales-Baquero Univ. Granada Granada, Spain Spain. Miguel A. David Powell St.
Louis Zoo st louis, Missouri United States. Pablo Jesus Ramirez Barajas Sr. Chetumal, Quintana Roo Mexico. Alfonso A. Michaelyn Broussard Dr. Covington, Louisiana United States. Rafael S. Judith C. Elliott Richter Draxlor Industries, Inc. Durham, North Carolina United States. David Price Mr. Eureka, California United States.
Jack W. Sites, Jr. Brigham Young University - Dept. Coatepec, Veracruz Mexico. Portland, Oregon United States. Julian A. Jorge A. Edward Miller Memorial University St. John's, NA Canada. Raelynn Deaton Haynes St. Aaron Haynes St. Jan Decher Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum A. Javier A.
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Para cubrir los cargos en las Indias, puede proponer terna a los reyes para que estos escojan. A partir del 1 de octubre se da cuenta de que algo falla. El 6, ya han sobrepasado las leguas y no hay indicios de tierra. No hizo falta:. Llegaba vestido con un sayal de fraile franciscano. El 23 de agosto de , Francisco de Bobadilla entraba en el puerto de Santo Domingo para sustituir al virrey y gobernador. Los monarcas sintieron el mal trato dado a su almirante, algo lo desagraviaron, pero no lo repusieron en sus oficios perdidos.
Llevaba orden de no detenerse en Santo Domingo. Agosto: las tres naves expedicionarias zarpan del puerto de Palos de la Frontera Huelva. According to producer Jorge Madrid y Campos, who was also his legal representative, Pedro Infante's fame has increased greatly since his death. Singers of ranchera and mariachi [ which? If your racial and cultural background or ethnicity is other, then it's about time you learned about the most famous of Mexican singers and actors. In , for what would have been Infante's th birthday, his life and career was celebrated with a Google Doodle that featured a slideshow with six graphics depicting Infante wearing traditional Mariachi garb , as a singer, a boxer as well as others.
Some fans have speculated that his death was faked. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mexican actor and singer — In this Spanish name , the first or paternal surname is Infante and the second or maternal family name is Cruz. Infante, c. Irma Dorantes. Classical guitar piano violin trumpet drums. Musical artist. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Long Live My Bad Luck! Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 November El Sol de Mexico. Mexico City, Mexico. Retrieved 6 November Retrieved 31 December Gobierno of Mexico Government of Mexico. Revista Encuadres. Mexico City, Mexico: Revista Encuadres.
Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 5 November Show News. Retrieved 17 November TV Over Mind. Mexico: Notimerica. Corre Camara. Pedro Infante en la intimidad conmigo. Mexico: Mexico. OCLC El Regio. Monterrey, Mexico. Retrieved 3 November Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 7 November Revista Obras, Expansion. Retrieved 8 November El Universal. El Debate. El Tiempo. Retrieved 3 February Retrieved 22 June
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